What pain-related factors are associated with lost work days in nurses?

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Thus, more LWDs were reported by (1) those who endorsed having constant pain than those who did not endorse having constant pain and (2) those who reported using rest to relieve pain than who did not report using rest to relieve pain. The findings suggest the possibility that factors other than pain intensity may be more important in the number of LWDs due to LBP [3]. If found to play a causal role, then the findings suggest that it may be more effective to teach nurses active pain management strategies than to focus treatment on pain intensity reduction.

Key Takeaways:

  • Among the work-related disability domains, LWDs are particularly important because they increase the economic burden of pain for the individual, family and society.
  • A number of factors such as overall work demands, working on a nightshift, perceived lack of support and/or encouragement from supervisors, and lack of rest time have been previously found to be associated with LWDs among nurses
  • Although a variety of factors are known to be associated with LWDs, not a lot is known about the role that modifiable pain-related factors play in LWDs.

"Exploring the role that these factors might play is important because it could inform the development of treatments designed to reduce the impact of chronic pain on LWDs."